Laurent Gobillon

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Current version: September 24, 2021






in English


in French






Publications in refereed journals


Gobillon L., Lambert A. and Pellet S. (2021) "The suburbanization of poverty: Homeownership policies and spatial inequalities in France" (sociology), Population, forthcoming (ptz.pdf).

Combes PPh., Gobillon L. and Y. Zylberberg (2021), "Urban economics in a historical perspective: Recovering data with machine learning", Regional Science and Urban Economics, 103711 (urbanhisto.pdf), VOX column.

Combes PPh., Duranton G.. and L. Gobillon (2021), "The Production Function for Housing: Evidence from France", Journal of Political Economy, 129(10), pp. 2766-2816 (housingprod.pdf), Online Appendix (housingprod_appendix.pdf).

de Bellefon M.P., Combes P.Ph., Duranton G., Gobillon L. and C. Gorin (2021), "Delineating urban areas using building density", Journal of Urban Economics, 103226, forthcoming (cities.pdf).

Gobillon L. and Wolff F.C. (2020), "The Local Effects of an Innovation: Evidence from the French Fish Market", Ecological Economics, 171, 106594 (innov.pdf), Online Appendix (innov_appendix.pdf).

Gobillon L. and Solignac M. (2020), "The homeownership of immigrants in France: selection effects related to international migration flows", Journal of Economic Geography, 20(2), pp. 355-396 (ownimm.pdf), online appendix (ownimm.pdf), VOX columnLe Monde AfriqueINSHS.

Combes PPh., Duranton G.. and Gobillon L. (2019), "The Costs of Agglomeration: House and Land Prices in French Cities", Review of Economic Studies, 86(4), pp. 1556-1589 (landprices.pdf), external appendix (appendix.pdf), previous version with monocentric city model (landprices_old.pdf).

Gobillon L., Wolff F.C. and Guillotreau P. (2017), "The effect of buyers and sellers on fish market prices", European Review of Agricultural Economics, 44(1), pp. 149-176 (fishprices.pdf), External appendix: pricesbyspecies.pdf.

Gobillon L. and Magnac T. (2016), "Regional Policy Evaluation: Interactive Fixed Effects and Synthetic Controls", Review of Economics and Statistics, 98(3), pp. 535-551 (interactive.pdf), web appendix (interactive_web.pdf), code and data (

Gobillon L. and Milcent C. (2016), "Evaluating the Effect of Ownership Status on Hospital Quality: The Key Role of Innovative Procedures", Annals of Economics and Statistics, 121-122, pp. 161-186 (procedures.pdf).

Gobillon L. and Wolff F.C.  (2016), "Evaluating the law of one price using micro panel data", American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 98(1), pp. 134-153 (lawoneprice.pdf), web appendix: (LOP_appendix.pdf).

Gobillon L., Meurs D. and Roux S. (2015), "Estimating gender differences in access to jobs", Journal of Labor Economics, 33(2), pp. 317-363 (gender.pdf). Program for application of the estimation method with example on simulated data:,

Gobillon L., Rupert P. and Wasmer E. (2014), "Ethnic unemployment rates and frictional markets", Journal of Urban Economics, 79, pp. 108-120 (ethnicfrictions.pdf), VOX column.

Gobillon L. and Milcent C. (2013), "Spatial Disparities in Hospital Performances", Journal of Economic Geography, 13(6), 1013-1040 (ineqami.pdf).

Combes PPh., Duranton G., Gobillon L., Puga D. and Roux S. (2012), "The productivity advantages of large cities: distingushing agglomeration from firm selection", Econometrica, 80(6), pp. 2543-2594 (latest version: prodadv.pdf, web appendix: prodapp.pdf, data and programs: here).

Combes PPh., Duranton G., Gobillon L., and S. Roux (2012), "Sorting and local wages and skill distributions in France", Regional Science and Urban Economics, 42(6), pp. 913-930 (distri.pdf).

Gobillon L., Magnac T. and H. Selod (2012), "Do Unemployed Workers Benefit from Enterprise Zones: the French experience", Journal of Public Economics, 96 (9-10), pp. 881-892, VOX column.

Duranton G., Gobillon L. and Overman H. (2011), "Assessing the Effects of Local Taxation using MicroGeographic Data",The Economic Journal121(555), pp. 1017-1046.

Gobillon L., Magnac T. and Selod H. (2011), "The effect of location on finding a job in the Paris region", Journal of Applied Econometrics26(7), pp. 1079-1112, VOX column.

Combes PPh., Duranton G. and Gobillon L. (2011), "The Identification of Agglomeration Economies", Journal of Economic Geography, 11, pp. 253-266.

Gobillon L. and Wolff F.C. (2011), "Housing and location choices of retiring households: Evidence from France", Urban Studies, 48(2), pp. 331-347.

Bonnet C., Gobillon L. and Laferrère A. (2010), "The effect of Widowhood on Housing and Location Choices", Journal of Housing Economics, 19, pp. 106-120.

Gobillon L. and Le Blanc D. (2008), "Economic Effects of Upfront Subsidies to Ownership: the case of the Prêt à Taux Zéro in France", Journal of Housing Economics17(1), 1-33.

Combes P.Ph., Duranton G. and Gobillon L. (2008), "Spatial Wage Disparities: Sorting Matters!", CEPR Working Paper 4240, Journal of Urban Economics, 63(2), pp. 723-742.

Gobillon L., Selod H. and Zenou Y. (2007), "The Mechanisms of Spatial Mismatch", Urban Studies, Volume 44(12), pp. 2401-2427.



Other publications in English


Ahlfeldt G. and Gobillon L. (2021), "Introduction to the Special Issue: Emerging Trends in Urban Economics", Regional Science and Urban Economics, 103715 (IntroET.pdf).

Gobillon L. and Selod H. (2021), "Spatial mismatch, poverty, and vulnerable populations", in Handbook of Regional Science, second edition, Fisher M. and Nijkamp P. (eds.), Springer, Berlin,  pp. 573-588 (Handbook.pdf).

Gobillon L. and Goffette-Nagot F. (2018), "Introduction: Housing Economics and Urban Policies", Annals of Economics and Statistics, 130, pp. 35-38 (IntroUrban.pdf).

Gobillon L. and Milcent C. (2018), "The Competition Effect of a French Reform on Hospital Quality", in Competition Between Hospitals, Does it Affect the Quality of Care?, Dormont B. and Milcent C. (eds.), Editions Rue d'Ulm, Paris, pp. 161-197 (competition1.pdf), extended streamlined version entitled "Competition and hospital quality: Evidence from a French natural experiment", CEPR Working Paper 11773, revised version (competition2.pdf), VOX column.

Combes P.Ph. and Gobillon L. (2015), "The Empirics of Agglomeration Economies", in Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Volume 5A, Duranton G., Henderson V. and Strange W. (eds.), Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 247-348 (Handbook.pdf).

Gobillon L. and Selod H. (2012), "Spatial Mismatch", in The International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home, Smith S. (ed.), chapter 177, Elsevier, p. 5-10 (Encyclopedia.pdf).

Combes PPh., Duranton G., Gobillon L. and Roux S. (2010), "Estimating agglomeration economies with history, geology and worker effects", in Agglomeration Economics, Edward Glaeser (ed.), NBER conference report, The University of Chicago press, 364p, CEPR Working Paper 6728 (NBER.pdf). Quotation by Edward Glaeser in the Economix blog of The New York Times (blog_glaeser.pdf).



Working Papers


Gobillon L., Meurs D. and S. Roux (2021), "Differences in positions along a hierarchy: Counterfactuals based on an assignment model", CEPR Working Paper 11982, revised version (publicsector.pdf), Online Appendix (publicsector_appendix.pdf), revise and resubmit to Annals of Economics and Statistics.



Work in Progress


Urban economics

Structural Changes in France over 250 years (with Pierre-Philippe Combes, Gilles Duranton and Frédéric Robert-Nicoud)

Urban development in France: The last 250 years (with Pierre-Philippe Combes, Gilles Duranton and Clément Gorin)

Jobs in cities (with Donald Davis, Eric Mengus and Tomasz Michalski)

Welfare effects of the no-interest loans in France (with Gabrielle Fack and Aurélie Sotura)

Fertility, housing and the growth of cities (with Pierre-Philippe Combes, Nicolas Coeurdacier and Florian Oswald)

Labour productivity gains from the "Grand Paris Express" Rail Project (with Pierre-Philippe Combes and Miren Lafourcade)

The economic effects of high-speed trains (with Gilles Duranton and Miren Lafourcade)

Scattered development of social housing: SRU law in France (with Guillaume Chapelle and Benjamin Vignolles)

Productivity and agglomeration economies: A long-run perspective (with Clémence Berson, Pierre-Philippe Combes and Sandra Nevoux)

Alonso-Muth revisited (with Pierre-Philippe Combes and Gilles Duranton)

Labour Economics

Life-cycle Wages and Human Capital Investments: Selection and Missing Data (with Thierry Magnac and Sébastien Roux)

Careers of Elite School Graduates: Evidence from a large French firm (with Marion Leturcq, Dominique Meurs and Sébastien Roux)



Permanent Working Papers


Gobillon L.  and Selod H. (2007), "The effect of segregation and spatial mismatch on unemployment: evidence from France", CEPR Working Paper 6198 (smfrance.pdf).

Gobillon L. (2004), "The Estimation of Cluster Effects in Linear Panel Models" , working paper (clusters.pdf).

Gobillon L. and Le Blanc D. (2003), "Migrations, Income and Skills", CREST Working Paper n°2003-47 (migrations.pdf).